line.jpg

ABOUT

 "When our minds transfer to present occasions similar conditions from the past, we acquire a basis for estimating the future . . . and are helped to face coming events with confidence.”

Polybius, 3rd century BCE 

 Refraction seeks to foster a space for creative engagement with past, present, and future broadly conceived, with the idea that history brings confidence and commitment to present efforts to shape a better future.

 

editors

20786043_10100279369758191_227256820718032585_o.jpg

TREVOR GOWAN

Trevor is a Communications Specialist at the United Nations.

15003405_10210680463384769_6501632451810196534_o.jpg

FRANCIS RUSSO

Francis is a Ph.D. student in American History at the University of Pennsylvania.

18928543_10154702414376270_1210222315_n.jpg

ROHAN SHAH

Rohan is a Ph.D. student in International History at Columbia University.  

 

 

CONTRIBUTing Editors