First Print Edition Fall 2018
"If I were an antiquarian," answered his friend, "I would have eyes only for old stuff, but I am an historian. Therefore, I love life." The love of life, Bloch concluded, is the master quality of the historian. In other words, the historian’s ability to understand the living, to understand his or her contemporary world, is the essential or fundamental quality that historians possess.
mark bloch, 1945
History . . . as nearly no one seems to know, is not merely something to be read. And it does not refer merely, or even principally, to the past. On the contrary, the great force of history comes from the fact that we carry it within us, are unconsciously controlled by it in many ways, and history is literally present in all that we do. It could scarcely be otherwise, since it is to history that we owe our frames of reference, our identities, and our aspirations.
James Baldwin, 1965
Refraction is a democratic experiment for an age in need of more democracy.
We seek poets, artist, fiction writers who are committed to exploring our present. We seek historians, committed to the past.
And we bring them together.
A Journal of History and Today
Trevor is Social Media Editor at the Natural Resources Defense Council.
Francis is a Ph.D. student in American History at the University of Pennsylvania.
Rohan is a Ph.D. student in International History at Columbia University.
amanda JOYCE hall
PhD student at Yale University
Urban Planner at New York
lotte houwink ten cate
PhD student at Columbia University
Writer at NYMH
JD candidate at Harvard Law School
PhD student at University of Virginia
PhD student at the University of Pennsylvania