"When our minds transfer to present occasions similar conditions from the past, we acquire a basis for estimating the future . . . and are helped to face coming events with confidence.”
Polybius, 3rd century BCE
Refraction seeks to foster a space for creative engagement with past, present, and future broadly conceived, with the idea that history brings confidence and commitment to present efforts to shape a better future.
Trevor is a Communications Specialist at the United Nations.
Francis is a Ph.D. student in American History at the University of Pennsylvania.
Rohan is a Ph.D. student in International History at Columbia University.